Agreement of Adjectives in Spanish

When it comes to writing in Spanish, the agreement of adjectives is a crucial aspect of grammar that writers must learn to master to create clear and concise content. This concept is essential, as it ensures that the adjectives used in the text are organized and accurate, reflecting the intended meaning of the writer. In this article, we will explore the agreement of adjectives in Spanish and provide some helpful tips for writers looking to improve their craft.

What is the Agreement of Adjectives in Spanish?

The agreement of adjectives in Spanish refers to the agreement between an adjective and its noun in terms of gender and number. Simply put, adjectives must agree with the noun they modify in terms of gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural). This means that if the noun is masculine singular, the adjective must also be masculine singular, and so on.

For example, if we were to describe a “casa” (a house) in Spanish, we would use the adjective “grande” (big) to modify it. If the house were feminine, we would say “casa grande,” and if it were plural, we would say “casas grandes.” In this way, the adjective “grande” must agree with the gender and number of the noun it describes.

Tips for Mastering Adjective Agreement in Spanish

1. Understand Gender and Number

The first step in mastering adjective agreement in Spanish is to understand gender and number. In Spanish, nouns are either masculine or feminine, and they can be singular or plural. This means that adjectives must be flexible enough to agree with the noun they modify, reflecting the correct gender and number.

2. Pay Attention to Endings

One helpful tip for writers is to pay attention to the endings of words. In many cases, the endings of nouns and adjectives will reveal their gender and number, making it easier to ensure proper agreement. For example, if a noun ends in “o,” it is likely masculine, while if it ends in “a,” it is likely feminine.

3. Use Agreement Charts

There are many helpful charts available online that writers can use to master adjective agreement in Spanish. These charts provide a quick reference guide for which adjectives agree with which nouns, based on gender and number. By referencing these charts, writers can ensure that their adjectives are accurately reflecting the intended meaning of their text.

4. Practice, Practice, Practice

As with any aspect of language learning, practice is key to mastering adjective agreement in Spanish. By practicing writing sentences and paragraphs that use adjectives correctly, writers can develop a strong understanding of this crucial concept, which will help them to create clear and concise content.


The agreement of adjectives in Spanish is an important aspect of grammar that writers must master to create clear and effective content in Spanish. By understanding gender and number, paying attention to word endings, using agreement charts, and practicing regularly, writers can improve their ability to use adjectives accurately and effectively in their writing. With these skills, writers can create content that accurately reflects their intended meaning, making their writing more compelling and engaging for their audience.